Child Support

Child Support

A child support award is rooted in the Maryland Child Support Guidelines as determined by the legislature. Our attorneys are informed of the applicable law regarding the establishment, modification and enforcement of a child support award

 

CHILD SUPPORT GUIDELINES


Md. FAMILY LAW Code Ann. § 12-204  (2014)


§ 12-204. Determination of child support obligation

(a) Schedule to be used; division among parents; maintenance and alimony awards. —

(1) The basic child support obligation shall be determined in accordance with the schedule of basic child support obligations in subsection (e) of this section. The basic child support obligation shall be divided between the parents in proportion to their adjusted actual incomes.

(2) (i) If one or both parents have made a request for alimony or maintenance in the proceeding in which a child support award is sought, the court shall decide the issue and amount of alimony or maintenance before determining the child support obligation under these guidelines.

(ii) If the court awards alimony or maintenance, the amount of alimony or maintenance awarded shall be considered actual income for the recipient of the alimony or maintenance and shall be subtracted from the income of the payor of the alimony or maintenance under § 12-201(c)(2) of this subtitle before the court determines the amount of a child support award.

(b) Voluntarily impoverished parent. —

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, if a parent is voluntarily impoverished, child support may be calculated based on a determination of potential income.

(2) A determination of potential income may not be made for a parent who:

(i) is unable to work because of a physical or mental disability; or

(ii) is caring for a child under the age of 2 years for whom the parents are jointly and severally responsible.

(c) Income between amounts in schedule. — If a combined adjusted actual income amount falls between amounts shown in the schedule, the basic child support amount shall be extrapolated to the next higher amount.

(d) Income above schedule levels. — If the combined adjusted actual income exceeds the highest level specified in the schedule in subsection (e) of this section, the court may use its discretion in setting the amount of child support.

(e) Basic child support obligation. — Schedule of basic child support obligations:

Combined
Adjusted                                                         6 or
Actual       1         2          3          4          5        More
Income      Child   Children   Children   Children   Children   Children
100-120                     $ 20 – $ 150 Per Month, Based
0
On Resources And Living
Expenses Of Obligor And Number
Of Children Due Support
1250      162        163        165        167        169        170
1300      195        197        199        202        204        206
1350      229        231        234        236        239        241
1400      262        265        268        271        274        277
1450      295        299        302        305        308        312
1500      310        330        334        338        341        345
1550      319        362        366        370        374        378
1600      327        394        398        402        407        411
1650      336        425        430        435        439        444
1700      344        457        462        467        472        477
1750      353        488        494        499        505        510
1800      361        520        526        532        537        543
1850      370        537        558        564        570        576
1900      378        550        590        596        603        609
1950      387        562        622        629        635        642
2000      395        574        654        661        668        675
2050      403        586        686        693        701        708
2100      412        598        706        726        733        741
2150      420        610        720        758        766        774
2200      428        622        734        790        799        807
2250      437        634        748        823        831        840
2300      445        646        761        851        864        873
2350      453        657        775        866        897        906
2400      462        669        789        882        930        939
2450      470        681        803        897        962        972
2500      478        693        817        913        995       1005
2550      486        705        831        928       1021       1039
2600      495        717        845        944       1038       1072
2650      503        729        859        959       1055       1105
2700      511        741        873        975       1072       1138
2750      520        753        886        990       1089       1171
2800      528        764        900       1006       1106       1202
2850      536        776        914       1021       1123       1221
2900      544        788        928       1037       1140       1240
2950      553        800        942       1052       1157       1258
3000      561        812        956       1068       1175       1277
3050      570        825        971       1084       1193       1297
3100      578        837        985       1101       1211       1316
3150      587        849       1000       1117       1229       1335
3200      595        861       1014       1133       1246       1355
3250      603        874       1029       1149       1264       1374
3300      612        886       1044       1166       1282       1394
3350      620        898       1058       1182       1300       1413
3400      629        911       1073       1198       1318       1433
3450      636        922       1086       1213       1334       1450
3500      644        932       1098       1227       1349       1467
3550      651        943       1111       1241       1365       1483
3600      658        953       1123       1255       1380       1500
3650      665        964       1136       1268       1395       1517
3700      673        974       1148       1282       1411       1533
3750      680        985       1160       1296       1426       1550
3800      687        995       1173       1310       1441       1567
3850      694       1006       1185       1324       1457       1583
3900      702       1016       1198       1338       1472       1600
3950      709       1027       1210       1352       1487       1617
4000      716       1037       1223       1366       1502       1633
4050      723       1048       1235       1379       1517       1649
4100      730       1057       1245       1391       1530       1663
4150      737       1067       1256       1403       1544       1678
4200      744       1076       1267       1416       1557       1693
4250      750       1086       1278       1428       1571       1707
4300      757       1095       1289       1440       1584       1722
4350      764       1105       1300       1452       1597       1736
4400      771       1114       1311       1464       1611       1751
4450      777       1124       1322       1477       1624       1766
4500      784       1133       1333       1489       1638       1780
4550      791       1143       1344       1501       1651       1795
4600      798       1152       1355       1513       1664       1809
4650      804       1162       1366       1525       1678       1824
4700      811       1172       1376       1538       1691       1838
4750      818       1181       1387       1550       1705       1853
4800      825       1191       1398       1562       1718       1868
4850      832       1200       1409       1574       1732       1882
4900      838       1210       1420       1586       1745       1897
4950      845       1219       1431       1599       1758       1911
5000      852       1229       1442       1611       1772       1926
5050      859       1238       1453       1623       1785       1940
5100      865       1248       1464       1635       1799       1955
5150      872       1257       1475       1647       1812       1970
5200      878       1266       1485       1659       1825       1983
5250      885       1275       1495       1670       1837       1997
5300      891       1284       1505       1681       1850       2011
5350      897       1292       1515       1693       1862       2024
5400      903       1301       1526       1704       1875       2038
5450      909       1310       1536       1715       1887       2051
5500      915       1319       1546       1727       1899       2065
5550      921       1327       1556       1738       1912       2078
5600      927       1336       1566       1749       1924       2092
5650      934       1345       1576       1761       1937       2105
5700      940       1354       1586       1772       1949       2119
5750      946       1362       1597       1783       1962       2132
5800      952       1371       1607       1795       1974       2146
5850      958       1380       1617       1806       1987       2160
5900      964       1388       1627       1817       1999       2173
5950      970       1397       1637       1829       2012       2187
6000      976       1406       1647       1840       2024       2200
6050      983       1415       1658       1851       2037       2214
6100      989       1423       1668       1863       2049       2227
6150      995       1432       1678       1874       2062       2241
6200     1001       1441       1688       1885       2074       2254
6250     1007       1450       1698       1897       2086       2268
6300     1013       1458       1708       1907       2098       2281
6350     1016       1462       1713       1913       2104       2287
6400     1020       1467       1717       1918       2110       2294
6450     1023       1471       1722       1924       2116       2300
6500     1026       1476       1727       1929       2122       2307
6550     1030       1480       1732       1935       2128       2313
6600     1033       1485       1737       1940       2134       2320
6650     1037       1489       1742       1945       2140       2326
6700     1040       1494       1747       1951       2146       2333
6750     1043       1498       1751       1956       2152       2339
6800     1047       1503       1756       1962       2158       2346
6850     1050       1507       1761       1967       2164       2352
6900     1053       1512       1766       1973       2170       2359
6950     1057       1517       1771       1978       2176       2365
7000     1060       1521       1776       1983       2182       2372
7050     1064       1526       1781       1989       2188       2378
7100     1067       1530       1785       1994       2194       2385
7150     1070       1535       1790       2000       2200       2391
7200     1074       1539       1795       2005       2206       2397
7250     1077       1544       1800       2010       2211       2404
7300     1080       1548       1804       2016       2217       2410
7350     1084       1552       1809       2021       2223       2416
7400     1087       1556       1814       2026       2228       2422
7450     1090       1560       1818       2031       2234       2428
7500     1092       1563       1820       2033       2237       2431
7550     1094       1565       1823       2036       2240       2435
7600     1096       1568       1826       2039       2243       2438
7650     1097       1570       1828       2042       2247       2442
7700     1099       1573       1831       2045       2250       2445
7750     1101       1575       1834       2048       2253       2449
7800     1103       1578       1836       2051       2256       2453
7850     1105       1580       1839       2054       2259       2456
7900     1107       1583       1842       2057       2263       2460
7950     1109       1586       1844       2060       2266       2463
8000     1111       1588       1847       2063       2269       2467
8050     1113       1591       1849       2066       2272       2470
8100     1115       1593       1852       2069       2276       2474
8150     1117       1596       1855       2072       2279       2477
8200     1119       1598       1857       2075       2282       2481
8250     1121       1601       1860       2078       2285       2484
8300     1123       1603       1863       2081       2289       2488
8350     1125       1606       1865       2084       2292       2491
8400     1127       1609       1868       2087       2296       2495
8450     1129       1612       1871       2090       2299       2499
8500     1132       1614       1874       2093       2303       2503
8550     1134       1617       1877       2097       2306       2507
8600     1136       1620       1880       2100       2310       2511
8650     1141       1628       1889       2110       2321       2523
8700     1147       1636       1898       2120       2332       2535
8750     1153       1644       1908       2131       2344       2548
8800     1159       1652       1917       2141       2355       2560
8850     1164       1660       1926       2151       2367       2572
8900     1170       1668       1935       2162       2378       2585
8950     1176       1676       1945       2172       2389       2597
9000     1181       1684       1954       2182       2401       2609
9050     1187       1692       1963       2193       2412       2622
9100     1193       1700       1972       2203       2423       2634
9150     1199       1708       1982       2213       2435       2647
9200     1204       1716       1991       2224       2446       2659
9250     1210       1724       2000       2234       2457       2671
9300     1216       1732       2009       2244       2469       2684
9350     1220       1739       2017       2253       2478       2694
9400     1224       1744       2023       2260       2486       2702
9450     1228       1750       2030       2267       2494       2711
9500     1232       1756       2036       2275       2502       2720
9550     1236       1761       2043       2282       2510       2728
9600     1240       1767       2049       2289       2518       2737
9650     1244       1772       2056       2296       2526       2746
9700     1248       1778       2062       2304       2534       2754
9750     1252       1784       2069       2311       2542       2763
9800     1255       1789       2075       2318       2550       2772
9850     1259       1795       2082       2325       2558       2780
9900     1263       1800       2088       2333       2566       2789
9950     1267       1806       2095       2340       2574       2798
10000     1271       1811       2101       2347       2582       2806
10050     1301       1836       2126       2372       2607       2831
10100     1308       1861       2151       2397       2632       2856
10150     1314       1886       2176       2422       2657       2881
10200     1321       1911       2201       2447       2682       2906
10250     1327       1936       2226       2472       2707       2931
10300     1334       1955       2251       2497       2732       2956
10350     1340       1965       2276       2522       2757       2981
10400     1347       1974       2301       2547       2782       3006
10450     1353       1984       2326       2572       2807       3031
10500     1359       1993       2351       2597       2832       3056
10550     1366       2003       2376       2622       2857       3081
10600     1372       2012       2388       2647       2882       3106
10650     1379       2022       2399       2672       2907       3131
10700     1385       2031       2410       2697       2932       3156
10750     1392       2041       2422       2712       2957       3181
10800     1398       2050       2433       2725       2982       3206
10850     1405       2060       2444       2737       3007       3231
10900     1411       2069       2455       2750       3032       3256
10950     1418       2079       2467       2762       3056       3281
11000     1424       2088       2478       2775       3070       3306
11050     1431       2097       2489       2788       3083       3331
11100     1437       2107       2501       2800       3097       3356
11150     1444       2116       2512       2813       3111       3381
11200     1450       2126       2523       2825       3125       3406
11250     1457       2135       2534       2838       3139       3427
11300     1463       2145       2546       2851       3153       3442
11350     1470       2154       2557       2863       3167       3457
11400     1476       2164       2568       2876       3181       3472
11450     1482       2173       2579       2889       3195       3488
11500     1489       2183       2591       2901       3209       3503
11550     1495       2192       2602       2914       3223       3518
11600     1502       2202       2613       2926       3237       3533
11650     1508       2211       2624       2939       3251       3548
11700     1515       2221       2636       2952       3265       3564
11750     1521       2230       2647       2964       3279       3579
11800     1528       2240       2658       2977       3293       3594
11850     1534       2249       2669       2989       3307       3609
11900     1541       2259       2681       3002       3321       3625
11950     1547       2268       2692       3015       3335       3640
12000     1554       2278       2703       3027       3349       3655
12050     1560       2287       2715       3040       3363       3670
12100     1567       2297       2726       3053       3376       3685
12150     1573       2306       2737       3065       3390       3701
12200     1580       2316       2748       3078       3404       3716
12250     1586       2325       2760       3090       3418       3731
12300     1593       2335       2771       3103       3432       3746
12350     1599       2344       2782       3116       3446       3762
12400     1605       2354       2793       3128       3460       3777
12450     1612       2363       2805       3141       3474       3792
12500     1618       2373       2816       3153       3488       3807
12550     1625       2382       2827       3166       3502       3823
12600     1631       2392       2838       3179       3516       3838
12650     1638       2401       2850       3191       3530       3853
12700     1644       2411       2861       3204       3544       3868
12750     1651       2420       2872       3217       3558       3883
12800     1657       2430       2883       3229       3572       3899
12850     1664       2439       2895       3242       3586       3914
12900     1670       2449       2906       3254       3600       3929
12950     1677       2458       2917       3267       3614       3944
13000     1683       2468       2929       3280       3628       3960
13050     1690       2477       2940       3292       3642       3975
13100     1696       2487       2951       3305       3655       3990
13150     1703       2496       2962       3317       3669       4005
13200     1709       2506       2974       3330       3683       4021
13250     1716       2515       2985       3343       3697       4036
13300     1722       2525       2996       3355       3711       4051
13350     1728       2534       3007       3368       3725       4066
13400     1735       2544       3019       3380       3739       4081
13450     1741       2553       3030       3393       3753       4097
13500     1748       2563       3041       3406       3767       4112
13550     1754       2572       3052       3418       3781       4127
13600     1761       2582       3064       3431       3795       4142
13650     1767       2591       3075       3444       3809       4158
13700     1774       2601       3086       3456       3823       4173
13750     1780       2610       3098       3469       3837       4188
13800     1787       2619       3109       3481       3851       4203
13850     1793       2629       3120       3494       3865       4219
13900     1800       2638       3131       3507       3879       4234
13950     1806       2648       3143       3519       3893       4249
14000     1813       2657       3154       3532       3907       4264
14050     1819       2667       3165       3544       3921       4279
14100     1826       2676       3176       3557       3935       4295
14150     1832       2686       3188       3570       3948       4310
14200     1839       2695       3199       3582       3962       4325
14250     1845       2705       3210       3595       3976       4340
14300     1851       2714       3221       3608       3990       4356
14350     1858       2724       3233       3620       4004       4371
14400     1864       2733       3244       3633       4018       4386
14450     1871       2743       3255       3645       4032       4401
14500     1877       2752       3266       3658       4046       4416
14550     1884       2762       3278       3671       4060       4432
14600     1890       2771       3289       3683       4074       4447
14650     1897       2781       3300       3696       4088       4462
14700     1903       2790       3312       3708       4102       4477
14750     1910       2800       3323       3721       4116       4493
14800     1916       2809       3334       3734       4130       4508
14850     1923       2819       3345       3746       4144       4523
14900     1929       2828       3357       3759       4158       4538
14950     1936       2838       3368       3772       4172       4554
15000     1942       2847       3379       3784       4186       4569

(f) Adjusted basic child support obligation. — The adjusted basic child support obligation shall be determined by multiplying the basic child support obligation by one and one-half.

(g) Child care expenses. —

(1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection, actual child care expenses incurred on behalf of a child due to employment or job search of either parent shall be added to the basic obligation and shall be divided between the parents in proportion to their adjusted actual incomes.

(2) Child care expenses shall be:

(i) determined by actual family experience, unless the court determines that the actual family experience is not in the best interest of the child; or

(ii) if there is no actual family experience or if the court determines that actual family experience is not in the best interest of the child:

1. the level required to provide quality care from a licensed source; or

2. if the obligee chooses quality child care with an actual cost of an amount less than the level required to provide quality care from a licensed source, the actual cost of the child care expense.

(3) Additional child care expenses may be considered if a child has special needs.

(h) Extraordinary medical expenses. —

(1) Any actual cost of providing health insurance coverage for a child for whom the parents are jointly and severally responsible shall be added to the basic child support obligation and shall be divided by the parents in proportion to their adjusted actual incomes.

(2) Any extraordinary medical expenses incurred on behalf of a child shall be added to the basic child support obligation and shall be divided between the parents in proportion to their adjusted actual incomes.

(i) School and transportation expenses. — By agreement of the parties or by order of court, the following expenses incurred on behalf of a child may be divided between the parents in proportion to their adjusted actual incomes:

(1) any expenses for attending a special or private elementary or secondary school to meet the particular educational needs of the child; or

(2) any expenses for transportation of the child between the homes of the parents.

(j) Setoff for third party payments. —

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, when a disability dependency benefit, a retirement dependency benefit, or other third party dependency benefit is paid to or for a child of an obligor who is disabled, retired, or is receiving benefits from any source as a result of a compensable claim, the amount of the compensation shall be set off against the child support obligation calculated using the guidelines.

(2) (i) If the amount paid to or for a child exceeds the current child support obligation calculated using the guidelines, the excess payment shall be credited to any existing child support arrearage that accrued after the effective date the benefits were awarded.

(ii) The excess payment may not be credited to any future child support obligation.

(k) Use, possession or occupancy of family home. —

(1) Upon the expiration of a use and possession order or the expiration of the right to occupy the family home under a separation or property settlement agreement and upon motion of either party, the court shall review the child support award.

(2) If the allocation of financial responsibility for the family home was a factor in departing from the guidelines under subsection (a) of this section, the court may modify the child support, if appropriate in all the circumstances, upon the expiration of the use and possession order or the expiration of the right to occupy the family home under a separation or property settlement agreement.

(l) Cases other than shared physical custody cases. —

(1) Except in cases of shared physical custody, each parent’s child support obligation shall be determined by adding each parent’s respective share of the basic child support obligation, work-related child care expenses, health insurance expenses, extraordinary medical expenses, and additional expenses under subsection (i) of this section.

(2) The obligee shall be presumed to spend that parent’s total child support obligation directly on the child or children.

(3) The obligor shall owe that parent’s total child support obligation as child support to the obligee minus any ordered payments included in the calculations made directly by the obligor on behalf of the child or children for work-related child care expenses, health insurance expenses, extraordinary medical expenses, or additional expenses under subsection (i) of this section.

(m) Shared physical custody cases. —

(1) In cases of shared physical custody, the adjusted basic child support obligation shall first be divided between the parents in proportion to their respective adjusted actual incomes.

(2) Each parent’s share of the adjusted basic child support obligation shall then be multiplied by the percentage of time the child or children spend with the other parent to determine the theoretical basic child support obligation owed to the other parent.

(3) Subject to the provisions of paragraphs (4) and (5) of this subsection, the parent owing the greater amount under paragraph (2) of this subsection shall owe the difference in the 2 amounts as child support.

(4) In addition to the amount of the child support owed under paragraph (3) of this subsection, if either parent incurs child care expenses under subsection (g) of this section, health insurance expenses under subsection (h)(1) of this section, extraordinary medical expenses under subsection (h)(2) of this section, or additional expenses under subsection (i) of this section, the expense shall be divided between the parents in proportion to their respective adjusted actual incomes. The parent not incurring the expense shall pay that parent’s proportionate share to:

(i) the parent making direct payments to the provider of the service; or

(ii) the provider directly, if a court order requires direct payments to the provider.

(5) The amount owed under paragraph (3) of this subsection may not exceed the amount that would be owed under subsection (l) of this section.

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